Carnivore Intraguild Interactions in Select Thailand Reserves

The objective of this study was to collect data on clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) and small carnivores to investigate intraguild interactions. The four study areas selected for this research span across the central latitudes of Thailand, including: Ta Phraya National Park and Don Yai Wildlife Sanctuary, located in eastern Thailand within the Don Phayayen- Khao Yai Forest Complex; Khao Ang Rue Nai Wildlife Sanctuary, located in southeast Thailand and Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the Western Forest Complex.

Photographs were collected with infrared remote triggered cameras (Reconyx Hyperfire Professional Model 75). Camera locations were established in each reserve using park boundary and attribute layers within Arc GIS with a 1km2 grid overlay. A random numbers table was used to select 1km2 cells for camera placement. Cameras were set up within 100 meters of the cell center for approximately 30 days. The cameras were operational 24 hours/day with no delay between detections.

A sub set of cameras at each park was baited with clouded leopard feces obtained from Khao Kheow Open Zoo in Chonburi, Thailand. Fecal samples were collected from male and female animals deemed healthy by veterinarian staff and frozen until use in the field. Fecal samples were placed in front of the camera on either day one, or day 14 of the camera deployment; the placement and timing of the fecal samples was randomized.

Project Images